49th Georgia Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association

Soldier's Notes


Based on sketchy family research, Jonathan Iverson Johnson was born on June 23, 1842 and lived with his family near present-day Carrollton, Georgia. Although a company of infantry was being formed in his own county, he traveled to Butler, Georgia as a bonus of $100 was being offered for a 3-year enlistment in the Taylor County Volunteers. On March 4, 1862, Private J. I. Johnson enlisted in the Confederate States army as a member of Company E (Taylor County Volunteers) of the 45th Georgia Infantry Regiment. Private Johnson was wounded during Thomas’ counterattack at Fredericksburg. Shot in the lower abdomen, he spent several weeks at an aid station near the battlefield and was eventually evacuated to a hospital in Richmond, where he spent the next six months recovering from his wounds. Sometime during the winter of 1863/1864, Pvt. Johnson was transferred to a hospital in Richmond as company muster rolls show him “absent sick” from January 1864 until January 1865, but “present” for the February 1865 regimental return. The family history seems to indicate that Jonathan spent the better part of a year with typhoid; although archival proof cannot be found to substantiate the exact cause of his hospitalization. He was discharged on February 28, 1865. Having survived the war, Jonathan returned to Georgia where he married Mary Louisa Joiner on January 28, 1869. He died on April 18, 1924 (age 81) in Leoma, Tennessee.

Private Jonathan Iverson Johnson


The Holmes family of Washington County sent four sons into Company C of the 49th Georgia. Only one would return. Private Green Hamilton Holmes was wounded a couple of times, captured and sent to Point Lookout as a Prisoner of War. He returned home safely, but his three brothers (Jordan, James and John) were not so fortunate, all of them dying in the war.

Private Hardy Poole, Company I, the Hancock County company, was one of five brothers who served in the 49th and 59th Georgia regiments. Hardy served in both regiments and was one of the one hundred eleven soldiers of the 49th Georgia who surrendered at Apamattox. Three of the five brothers were present at the surrender with the 49th. Of the other two, one was killed after Gettysburg, and another was severely wounded and sent home. Hardy himself was wounded, but returned to service until the end of the war.

Private Alexander Bowen, Company B (Telfair Volunteers), enlisted in 1862. He was captured near Petersburg, Virginia and sent to Point Lookout, Maryland in 1865.

Private George W. Bowen, Company B (Telfair Volunteers), enlised in 1864 and was present for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox, Virginia. He served in the same company with his father, Private Alexander Bowen.

Joseph Decatur Bryan, Company B, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and was appointed 1st Sergeant on January 1, 1863. He was elected Junior 2nd Lieutenant on February 25, 1863 and was captured at Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. Lieutenant Bryan was released from Fort Delaware on June 12, 1865 and walked all the way home.

John J. Ray, Company B, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and was appointed 1st Corporal in February of 1863. He was wounded in the Wilderness, Virginia, on May 6, 1864 and later wounded in the left leg at Petersburg, Virginia on March 25, 1865. Corporal Ray was sent to hospital in Richmond where he was captured. He was released on May 25, 1865.

David Ray, Company B, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and surrendered at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865.

Corporal Christopher Columbus Hill, Company D, was a substitute for his brother, Wyatt Hill, who was wounded. He was with the Army of Northern Virginia through the surrender at Appomattox Court House.

Brothers Private Joseph L. Covington, Private Martin V. Covington, and Corporal John D. Covington served together in Company E. While Joseph survived the war, Martin V. Covington was wounded at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, November 8, 1862 and died of pneumonia at Guinea Station on April 7, 1863. John contracted pneumonia and died November 15, 1862 at Hospital Number 12 in Richmond, Virginia.

Joseph L. Covington

Private Robert Lee Dickens, Company I, was wounded on May 6, 1864 in the Battle of the Wilderness and died of his wounds on May 10, 1864.

Thomas Eli Lee became a member of Company K on March 4, 1862; his place of enlistment was his home county of Pulaski. During the late spring of 1862, the regiment became part of Robert E. Lee’s newly-formed Army of Northern Virginia. In late August of 1862 Private Thomas Eli Lee was wounded at Second Manassas. Shortly afterward, he was promoted to Second Lieutenant.

Private Moses Holland, Company K, is buried behind Bethany Baptist Church in Cochran, Georgia with a Confederate marker on his grave. The tintype shown below is believed to be the image of Moses as it is scratch-marked with CSA and his name.

Moses Holland

Private John C. Bracewell was wounded in the left arm at the Battle of Mechanicsville, Virginia, June 26, 1862. He was discharged on account of wounds at General Hospital Number 9, Richmond, on February 11, 1864.

Private Jesse A. Bracewell was wounded at Gettysburg July 2, 1863. He recovered, only to be captured at Petersburg April 3, 1865 as Lee began the retreat that ended at Appomattox. Jesse was released at Hart's Island, New York Harbor, June 15, 1865, and found his way home to Laurens County, Georgia on foot.

Two sets of Bracewell brothers and one first cousin enlisted in Company G, the Lauren Volunteers, between March 4th and May 16th, 1862. William S.A. Bracewell wrote to his wife Sarah Ann on September 16th from Winder Hospital in Richmond, and Wiley to his mother October 12th from a hospital in Winchester. They both spoke of their yearning for home. William S.A. Bracewell expressed his concern for the crops and for Wiley's lack of "sox." With the characteristic typical of the simple faith of so many rural southern boys in the army, Wiley wrote, "I want you to pray for me and if we never meet again, I know we will meet in heaven..."

Major James W. Duggan, F & S, is buried in the Stanley Cemetery outside of Dublin, Georgia.

1st Sergeant Caney Swain Meadows (Sr.) from Vidalia, Georgia served in Company H until captured at Petersburg, Virginia on March 25, 1865. He was released at Point Lookout, Maryland on June 25, 1865.


Private Joseph Edwards Rhodes, Company E, was wounded in 1862, returned to the regiment thereafter and was captured in March of 1865, spending the last days of the war as a POW at Point Lookout, Maryland.

Sergeant John Ashley Handley, Company E, of Wilcox County, Georgia was taken prisoner during Battle of Wilderness. He was sent to the prison camp at Elmira, New York and suvrvived that ordeal. Thereafter, he took the oath and walked home to Abbyville, Georgia.

PrivateThomas Towson, Company G, was taken prisoner at Petersburg and, when released, returned to Laurens County.

Sergeant George Washington Horton, Company F, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and was appointed 3d Corporal August 1863. Mustered out as a sergeant. Captured near Petersburg, Virginia on March 25, 1865 and released at Point Lookout, Maryland on June 27, 1865.

Private Joseph Horton, Company F, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and died of smallpox at Staunton, Virginia on November 6, 1862.

Private Lemuel Horton, Company F, enlisted as a private on March 4, 1862 and discharged as over-age on July 4,1862. He was the father of George and Joseph Horton.

Captain Calphrey C. Clark, Company G, Laurens County Volunteers, died of small pox in the General Hospital, Staunton, Virginia, and was buried in a mass grave at Thornrose. He was one of three Clark brothers who died in the War Between the States.

Private Burrell Clark, Company G, , Laurens Volunteers, died in 1864 of pneumonia in camp near Strasburg, Virginia. He was buried somewhere along the road near the camp. The obituary that was written by his brother, John Clayton Clark, to his father, John G.N.F. Clark from the battlefield. Burrell Clark Obituary - Died of pneumonia in Camp of the 49th Regt. Vol. near Stasburg VA Jan. the 9th 1864 after an illness of 48 hours Burrell Clark of Company G. Laurens Vol 49th GA Regt age 22 years 3 months and 6 days Bro. Clark three years ago made a profession of faith in Jesus and joined the M.E. Church Since which time he has lived a (something scratched out) consistent member in Camp. He was kind and affectionate to his brother Soldiers. One the battlefield he was unflinching and brave. He was endowed by nature with a sweet and lovely disposition and his kind and obliging manner called forth the attention and admiration of all his Comrades. Burrell is gone leaving a vacant place in his Company not Soon to be filled by So noble a Spirit. Many friends and relatives mourn his loss but we doubt not his Spirit is in the presence of that Savior who Said He that cometh unto me I will in no wise cast out. There to Await the resurrection morn. Wrote by John C. Clark to John G. N. F. Clark".

Private John Clayton Clark, Company G, , Laurens Volunteers, was one of four brothers who served in theConfederate Army in the War Between the States and was the only one who survived. Another brother, Wiley Clark, joined near the end of the War and his service records are missing. The death date and death place is only a presumption on the part of researchers. His family never knew what happened to him or where he was buried. 

Private John Irvin Giles, Company C, rose from private to sergeant during his service and eventually received a battlefield commission to captain before his capture on the banks of the James River in 1865. He spent his last six months of service to the CSA in the Fort Delaware prison in New York before his release in the summer of 1865. He joined from Deepstep, Washington Co, Georgia in 1861 after the death of his older brother, Calvin, was mortally wounded at Ft Sumter, South Carolina. The SCV has established a John Irvin Giles chapter. He is buried at the family homeplace in Deepstep, Georgia.





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