37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association


Soldier's Notes


Private William Taylor Land, Company B, enlisted as a Private at Petersburg, Virginia on 10/27/1864 and mustered into Co. B the same day. Promoted to Corporal on 2/1/1865. ''Deserted to the enemy'' (voluntarily surrendered) on or abt 3/8/1865. Confined at Washington, D.C. on 3/10/1865, where he later took the Oath of Allegiance and returned to North Carolina.

Private George W. Lawrence, Company E was taken prisoner at North Anna in May of 1864. His wife was Elizabeth Norris.

Private Thomas Alleson Kissiah enlisted on 22 Oct 1861 at the age of 22 and was mustered into Company I, 37th North Carolina Infantry Regiment on 20 Nov 1861. Absent without leave on 15 Jan 1865 (estimated date).

Private Jonathan Lee, Company K was a resident of Ashe County at time of enlistment; born Wilkes County, enlisted at Iredell 8/15/62; wounded in action at Fredericksburg 12/13/62; died at Guinea Station either 5/15/63 or 5/20/63.

Private Joshua Bowman, Company F was killed on April 2, 1865 along with Boon Little, after both were captured. They were buried in the same battlefield grave.

Private Alexander Parker, Company F, great great grandfather of William Moore, was wounded at Glendale (Frazier's Farm). His wounds were serious enough for him to be mustered out because he could not return to duty. He was from Wilkes County, North Carolina and is buried in the Liberty Baptist Church cemetery.

Jesse M. Miller was born in Watauga County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Watauga County at the age of 18 on September 14, 1861. Mustered as a private in Company B, 37th North Carolina Troops. Wounded at the battle of Shepherdstown, [West] Virginia, on September 20, 1862. Returned to duty prior to November 1, 1862. Wounded in the thigh at the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 13, 1862. Returned to duty prior to March 1, 1863. Reported absent without leave from September 14, 1864, through February 1865. Jesse later settled in Cooke County, Texas near Mountain Springs and is buried in New Hope Cemetery just North of Mountain Springs. His brother, Buck, served in the 2nd North Carolina Calvary, worked for many years as a cowboy on the Waggoner Ranch at Vernon Texas and was one of the last (50) Confederate Veterans to die in Texas. Buck is buried at Electra Texas. This information is from Michael C. Hardy and Bill Elbert Steward.

Sergeant William Henry Harrison (known as Billy), Company C, was born on March 2, 1843 to Joseph Harrison and his wife in Rowan county, near Huntersville, North Carolina. Shortly after the War Between the States broke out, a regiment was called for in his home area. Billy enlisted as a private in the Mecklenburg Wide Awakes on September 16, 1861. On November 20th, the Mecklenburg Wide Awakes were mustered into state service as company C, 37th Regiment North Carolina Troops at Camp Fisher, near High Point N.C.  His enlistment was for a period of 12 months.  On January 1, 1862 the 37th moved to Camp Mangum, near Raleigh where it was mustered into Confederate service. Billy was promoted to Corporal in September or October of 1863.  On June 30, 1864 he was promoted to Sergeant.  From this point on until the end of his life he was affectionately known as “Sergeant Billy” to friends and family alike. He surrendered at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865. Throughout his service he sustained only one combat injury; the loss of the tip of his nose to a Union minie ball.  His brother Franklin was killed in a gunpowder mill explosion during the war.  One of his recollections was that one night he went to sleep with only a blanket and awoke the next morning covered in snow; following this, he broke out with the measles. After being paroled at Appomattox, he walked home to Huntersville, North Carolina. On July 7, 1902 Sgt. Billy applied for a soldier’s pension from the state of North Carolina.  A doctor’s examination stated that “I find W.H. Harrison in feeble health, a general breakdown of the system, unable to work for a support, I don’t know his recovering ability.” William Henry Harrison died at the age of 72, on September 11, 1915.  He is buried in Huntersville, N.C at the back, left hand side of the old Presbyterian church cemetery. This biography was compiled by Stephen Frederick Blancard, William Henry Harrison’s great, great grandson in January, 2000.  It is based on family history hand written by Carrie Harrison Hall on February 18, 1953, North Carolina pension records, 37th North Carolina Troops documentation and oral history from Mary Hall Denny. 

Private Thomas Jefferson Love, Company E, enlisted in the Confederate Army at Liberty Mills, Orange County, Virginia in 1863. He surrendered to Grant's army on Sunday morning, April 2nd 1865, at Petersburg, Virginia. He returned to his wife, Celia Amanda Hartley Love and children in Watauga County, North Carolina until his death on March 3rd 1934, aged 88 years, 10 months, 16 days.

Private George W. Blackburn served in Company A, formed of volunteers from Ashe County, North Carolina. He was one of four soldiers of the original company that made it through the war alive and was buried at Washington Courthouse, Ohio in an unmarked grave. A descendant acquired a headstone from the Veterans Administration and arranged for a dedication ceremony with a Confederate re-enactor unit acting as a honor guard.

Private Jeremiah Blackburn served in Company A and was the brother of Private George Blackburn. Jeremiah was executed by firing squad for desertion. According to family tradition, he was not a coward, but had left to tend to the family farm and get the crops planted. He returned to the regiment on his own, but higher military authority decided to make an example of Jeremiah to deter future desertions.

1st Lieutenant William A. Stuart, Company A, was wounded twice (Newbern and Fredericksburg). He was also a P.O.W. Lt. Stuart's brother, Andrew J. Stuart, also served in the same company as 1st Corporal. He was wounded and subsequently discharged. A cousin, Private Elijah Stuart, also in Company A, died of diptheria in September of 1862 in a Staunton, Virginia hospital.

Brothers Elijah DeBord (Compnay A, and Thomas J. DeBord (Company B), both privates, were from Ashe county, North Carolina and died during the war. Their brother's bible records that Thomas was wounded at Chancellorsville, operated on to remove 3 inches of bone from his arm, and later died of blood poisoning.

Drummer Calvin Collins, Company D, was wounded at or near Fraysers Farm, Virginia on June 30, 1862. His left leg was amputated and he died at a Richmond, Virginia hospital on July 16, 1862. He was born in Union County, North Carolina, the son of Garbriel and Demarias Collins.

Private Joseph Harrison Lundsford, Company E, enlisted August 15, 1862 and did not survive the War. He died a few days after Christmas at Guinea Station, Virginia following the battle at Fredericksburg.

Private Samuel Kinley (Canley), Company H, was captured at the Wilderness, confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, then transferred to Elmira, New York on August 8, 1864. He was released on June 14, 1865 after taking the Oath of Allegiance.

Private James Weaver Clark, Sr., Company I, was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville.

Private Samuel Sylvanus Gardiner, Company C, was wounded and captured.

Private Emanuel Cloninger, Company H, was captured at Fredericksburg and later exchanged.

Private Joseph Harrison Lundsford, Company E, died December 27, 1862 shortly after the fighting at the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Private William Luffman, Company F, was born in Wilkes County, North Carolina in 1825, the oldest son of Wilson Luffman and Vicey Carter. He married Elizabeth Dickerson in 1850. He enlisted at Camp Vance, March 14, 1864 and was captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse, May 12, 1864. Private Luffman was confined at Point Lookout, Maryland until transferred to Elmira, New York, August 10, 1864, where he died on November 29, 1864 of pleuro-pneumonia.

Private Absolum Strunks, Company A, was born in August of 1825 in Ashe, North Carolina. The 5'8" tall farmer was enlisted as a volunteer on 27 August 1861 by Captain John Hartzog in Jefferson, North Carolina and was mustered for one year service on 20 November 1861 by John C. Winder at Camp Fisher. He appears on the company muster roll from July to November 1862 as a prisoner on parole. Private Strunks was severely wounded in action on 3 May 1863 at Chancellorsville and sent to hospital. Medical Roll: Winder Div 1 Hospital admitted and released 18 Oct 1862. Report of Sick and Wounded: in General Hospital Camp Winder, Richmond, VA; disease - Pyaemia (blood poisoning); died - 4 June 1863. Roll of Honor.

Corporal John Taylor was killed in action at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863.

Five Wallace brothers enlisted in the Confederate Army in September of 1861 and were assigned to Company F of the 37th North Carolina. The brothers were Jospeh Goodman Wallace, John G. Wallace, Noah Hampton Wallace, Elbert Wallace, and Mathew Wallace. They were from Wilkes County, North Carolina. Joseph Goodman Wallace survived the Civil War, but died in 1870 at age thirty-five from "perforation of the stomach" (as listed in the 1870 mortality census). He was a husband and father of five young children, but must have suffered from the lingering effects of four years of war. National archive records show that Goodman had been wounded in battle and imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland.

Private Thomas J. Green, Company D, died in Virginia on November 19, 1863.

Private Andrew Jackson Teague, Company E, died in April of 1865 while a prisoner of war at Elmira, New York.

Private Henry Hawes Fincher served in Company D from September of 1862 until the surrender at Appomattox. He performed extra duties with the regiment as a blacksmith. Born in 1828, Henry Hawes Fincher died from an accidental gun shot in 1869. His wife and children moved from Monroe, North Carolna to Carroll County, Mississippi soon after his death.

Private Marcus Carpenter, Company I, joined the regiment on August 15, 1862 when he was around sixteen years old. He was captured on 2 April 1865 during the Breakthrough Battle at Petersburg and was paroled shortly after the war ended.

Private A. M. Anderson, Company F, was wounded at Gettysburg during Pickett’s Charge, captured and hospitalized for a year, then exchanged. His widow received a Confederate widow's pension after his death. He is buried in a family cemetery in Wilkes County, North Carolina.

Private Michael Blume, Company I, was captured at Petersburg, Virginia on April 2 1865 and was being held at City Point on April 4, 1865. He was released from Point Lookout, Maryland on June 23, 1865 by G.O. No. 109, A.G.O.

Jonathan H. Hartley enlisted as a private at age 21 on 18 September 1863. He was promoted to Corporal 2/1/63; promoted to Sergeant May 2, 1863; and promoted to 3rd Lieutenant on December 20, 1863. During May and June of 1864, he signed the official roll as Lt. Commanding (Company E). He was engaged in following battles: Seven Days, 2nd Manassas; Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Petersburg.

Sergeant Peter E. Echerd, Company G, enlisted as a private on August 8, 1862 in Iredell County, North Carolina. He was promoted to corporal on April 8, 1863 and promoted to full sergeant on July 15, 1864. Sergeant Echard was captured at Fort Stedman on March 25, 1865, imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland and took the Oath Of Allegence on June 11, 1865. After the war, he became a farmer in Wittenbergs, Alexander County, North Carolina, had 6 children and died on January 20, 1899. His brother, Private Henry F. Echerd, also served in Company G and their cousin, Private George W. Echerd, served in Company A of the 7th North Carolina Infantry and was captured at Spotsylvania Court House.

Private David A. Fox, Company F, was wounded on July 2, 1863 during the Battle of Gettysburg and lost a leg as a result.

Private Alexander Fox, Company F, was killed in action on May 3, 1863 during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was a brother of Private David A. Fox of Company F.

Private Wallace Fox, Company F, was killed in action on May 3, 1863 during the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was also a brother of Private David A. Fox of Company F.

Private Elcany Fox, Company G, was wounded on May 3, 1863 at the Battle of Chancellorsville. He too was a brother of Private David A. Fox of Company F.

Private Hugh E. McAuley, Company C, was born in Meck County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting at age 21 on September 16, 1861. Died of "fibris typhodes" at Lynchburg, Virginia about May 23-24, 1862.

Private Daniel N. McAuley, Company C, enlisted at Camp Stokes on October 25, 1864, for the war. Died on February 22, 1865 of disease. Place of death not reported.

Private Columbus Washington McCoy, Company C, was born Meck County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting at age 29 on August 15, 1862 for the war. Present and accounted for until discharged on March 20, 1864 by reason of "ascites connected with disease of the heart."

Private Rufus Augustus Montieth, Company C, resided in Meck County where he enlisted at age 27 on May 24, 1862 for the war. Killed at or near Gaines' Mill, Virginia on June 27, 1862.

Private Lorenzo Dow Triplett, Company B, was captured at Amelia on April 5, 1865 and taken to Pt. Lookout.

Private Nathan Dellinger, Company H, was killed in action on 3 May 1863 at the Battle of Chancellorsville. He was born on 12 June 1828 in Gaston County, the son of Adam Dellinger and Annie Fulks, and is buried at Mount Zion Baptist Church Cemetery in Cherryville, Gaston County, North Carolina.

Private Philip M. Brewer, Company E, received a pension and according to his death certificate is buried at Fork Mountain Cemetery near Newland in Avery County, North Carolina.

Private William W. Caldwell (born circa 1838 - died October 23-24, 1864), Company C, resided in Mecklenburg County North Carolina and mustered with the regiment in August of 1862. He was reported AWOL during July-October, 1863 and returned to the unit in November-December, 1863. There is no evidence other than what was gathered from campaign activities of the 37th Infantry on what battles in which he actually participated. Assumptions are made that he was involved in such battles as Gettysburg (July, 1863), Fredericksburg (1862-1863), since the 37th was considered a very active force in the Army of Northern Virginia. His unit marched with General Pettigrew on the ill-fated attack of Pickett’s Charge on Cemetery Ridge during the Battle of Gettysburg. In fact, his unit was included on the list of Confederates that did break through only to be beaten back by Union forces. General Lee ordered the 37th to stall the advance of Union forces when the Confederates made a run back to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. It is greatly assumed that he participated in the Battle of the Wilderness in Northern Virginia (April-May, 1864) since his unit participated. In fact, the unit was called down on an all night march to Spotsylvania Court House (May 5, 1864). William Caldwell was reported captured at Spotsylvania Court House on May 8, 1864. He may have been part of the mass capture by Union Troops of 5,000 confederate soldiers when they breached the Confederate Lines at Mule Shoe Salient. He was imprisoned at Point Lookout, Maryland, was then sent to Elmira, New York and later sent to Fort McHenry Maryland. Private William M. Caldwell died in October of 1864 at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Maryland.

Captain Jordan Cook, Company B, was promoted to captain on July 18, 1862, shortly after he was wounded in one of his eyes at Gaines Mill on June 27th, 1862. He resigned from his service with the 37th later that year. His resignation was forwarded from Colonel Barbour and General Lane to Major General A.P. Hill. Each signed it along the way. Jordan Cook later went on to become Linville, North Carolina's first Postmaster. He died in 1900 and is buried in Cook Cemetary in Boone, North Carolina.

Private James A. Stowe, Company H, died of wounds received at Hanover Court House. After two years of research, a family member has determined that James is the Stowe buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond. It's his intention to have the remains of James Stowe brought back to lie beside his three brothers at New Hope Presbyterian Church in Gaston County who also died in the war. The following listing for Company H of killed and wounded is from the North Carolina Standard, Raleigh, North Carolina, June 18, 1862:

Killed: Andrew Summey, Robert Turner, H.A. Wright, George F. McGinnis
Wounded: Capt. William G. Morris, slightly in neck, Lt. H.C. Fite in arm, H.M. Rhine in arm badly, John W. Weathers shoulder, Jas. A. Cannon arm, Robert F. Ragan face, ------- Ford, face, W.G. Ford shoulder, Jas. P. Briomer(?) side, John Thomason slightly in arm, George W. McKee head, Jas. Fite, hand, Emmanuel Clortiger hand, W.R.D. Abernathy, arm, missing, George Ball shoulder, missing, Oliver Brown in body badly, missing, John Jenkins, in body badly, J.H. Pas - - - in arm badly, Robertus Rutledge badly in leg, P.S. Rhyne, missing, Jas. A. Stowe, in body, missing, P.W. Watson, missing.. Missing: Rufus Armstrong, L.J. Clemmer, L. Canedy, Jessie Elmore, Robert Ferguson, T.A. Wilson, L.W. Lyriah, G.N. Ferguson, James Neal, David Morrison

Private George Washington Blackburn, Company A, resided in Washington Court House, Ohio with his son, Roby George Blackburn, until his death in 1929.


Private James Pleasant Griffin, Company enlisted on 9/16/1861 in Union County at age 20. He wounded at Mannassas, Virginia on 8/29/1862. Reported absent wounded or absent without leave until 10/5/1864 when he was retired to the invalid Corps.

Private Cicero Decatur Harmon, Company E, was from Watuaga County, North Carolina and enlisted as a private on 18 Sept. 1861. He surrendered with the regiment at Appomattox Court House. His first cousin Alfred J. Harmon served in Company E, 21st Virginia Cavalry. They are both buried on Harmon Mountain in Sugar Grove, North Carolin, near Boone.




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