37th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association

(3rd Brigade (Edward's), 1st Division, Sixth Corps)

Participants in the Breakthrough Battle at Petersburg on April 2, 1865

Fought on or near the present day grounds of Pamplin Historical Park


Organized at Pittsfield August 30, 1862. Left State for Washington, D.C., September 7. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1864. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, and Army of the Potomac, to June, 1865.

SERVICE. At Downsville, Md., until October 20. Movement to Stafford C. H., Va., October 20-November 19, and to Belle Plains December 5. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2. Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3. Salem Heights May 3-4. Banks' Ford May 4. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4. Detached for duty at New York and duty at Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Harbor, July 30 to October 17. Rejoined army at Chantilly, Va., October 17. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. At Brandy Station until April, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania May 8-12; Spottsylvania C. H. May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Before Petersburg June 16-18. Siege of Petersburg to July 9. Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23. Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11. Repulse of Early's attack on Fort Stevens and the Northern Defences of Washington July 11-12. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to December. Near Charlestown August 21-22. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Provost duty at Winchester until December 13. Moved to Petersburg, Va., December 13-16. Siege of Petersburg December 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Appomattox C. H. April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Moved to Danville, Va., April 23-27. Moved to Wilson's Station May 3; thence march to Washington, D.C., May 18-June 2. Corps Review June 8. Moved to Readville, Mass., June 22-23. Mustered out June 30, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 165 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 92 Enlisted men by disease. Total 261.

Source - A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion by Frederick H. Dyer



37th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment

Descendants Roll Call


Notes on Soldiers


An Undeserved Accusation:

The William H. Penrose Report

The breakthrough by Union forces of the fortified Confederate works at Petersburg, Virginia on April 2, 1865 is a well researched and thoroughly documented Civil War battle. There is a plethora of primary documents housed in many repositories that bring to light the movements and actions of the various troops involved in this battle. This article, however, focuses on just one of these important documents; the official report of Brevet Brigadier General William H. Penrose, commanding the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division of the 6th Army Corp. William H. Penrose’s official report is dated April 5, 1865. The reason for isolating this report is that there is still an unresolved controversy surrounds the some of content contained in this report. This article seeks to closely examine this controversy and offer a probable resolution to the questions that remain unanswered. Click the hyperlink below to read this analysis by Frank E. White.


If you are a descendant or family member of a soldier of the 37th Regiment, Massachusetts Infantry who served honorably at any time during the war and would like to be listed on the Descendants Roll Call, please send an e-mail by clicking the mail icon below. Type "37th MA" in subject line and provide other details, if possible, in the message. Please find your ancestor or family member in the National Park Service Database (link shown below) and include such details as "company" and "rank out" in your message. This will greatly speed-up the posting of those soldiers who you wish to honor. Thank you.


The Remembrance Wall

At The National Museum Of The Civil War Soldier

Another Great Way To Honor The Memory Of Your American Soldier

click on this link


Important Links

Sailor's Creek

By Frank E. White, Jr.

37th Massachusetts

Infantry Reenactors


Pamplin Historical Park & National

Museum of the Civil War Soldier


National Archives Order Forms

Service & Pension Records

Two Brothers: One North, One South

by David H. Jones


The Final Battles of the Petersburg

Campaign by A. Wilson Greene








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