23rd Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association


Soldier's Notes


Sgt. John Thomas Middleton and his brothers enlisted at Camp Trousdale. His brothers were James Elbert, Adolphus A., and Charles W. (he was killed and is buried in Tullahoma, Tennessee at the Maplewood Confederate Cemetery). John Thomas was wounded at Shiloh and sent to Corinth, Mississippi to a hospital there. He returned to fight again and was captured June 16, 1864 and sent to Elmira, New York. At war's end, he was sent back to the James River at Richmond, Virginia and walked home to Tennessee. The other two brothers were not captured.

Sgt. Jasper Newton Holt, Co. D, was awarded the Confederate Medal of Honor for his gallant conduct at Murfreesboro, Tennessee on September 16th and 17th, 1862. According to his pension records, he was captured on April 4, 1865 during Lee's retreat to Appomattox.

After the war, Private Abraham H. Davenport, Co. H, changed his name to Abram, not wanting to share the same first name with Abraham Lincoln.

1st Corporal George F. Mingle served in Captain M. M. Grien, Jr.'s Company H, 23rd Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. He was enrolled at Camp Trousdale, Tennessee on August 23, 1861 by Lt. G.H. Smith, CSA, for a period of ten months. He died from pneumonia on January 7, 1862 in Bowling Green, Kentucky.

John G. Arnold (b. 1842, d. 20 March 1900) was a 4th Sergeant in Company F and was captured on 17 June 1864 at Petersburg, Virginia. He later served as deputy sheriff of Shelbyville, Bedford County, Tennessee and for many years was the Secretary of the Frierson Bivouac No. 8 in Shelbyville, Tennessee.

Thomas Cheslie Arnold (b. 1846, d. 18 August 1936) was a Private in Company F and the younger brother of John G. Arnold. He was wounded by grape-shot at the Battle of Shiloh and died in Rutherford County, Tennessee at the age of 90, one of the last four living Confederate Veterans in that county.

1st Corporal George F. Mingle, Company H, died on January 7, 1862 from pneumonia at Bowling Green, Kentucky.

Private John T. Stallings, Company F, was born in Bedford County, Tennessee on December 23, 1843, and died on May 4, 1916 in Tulia, Texas. He joined the 23rd Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (Martin's) in 1861 at Unionville, Tennessee and surrendered in front of Petersburg, Virginia on April 2, 1865.

Corporal Elijah Smith Knox, Company H, was from Bradyville in Cannon County. He was listed as missing when the unit returned to Corinth, Mississippi and it's believed that he was killed at the Battle of Shiloh.


Elijah Smith Knox


Lawson, Philander and Zebulon Lee were the sons of James Madison Lee (1812-1877) and Elizabeth Howard Terry (1815-1877) of Dekalb County, Tennessee and served together in Company C. 1st Lieutenant Lawson Watkins Lee was born 2 Oct 1837 in Jackson County, Tennessee and died at the Battle of Bean's Station, Tennessee on 15 Dec 1863; he may have been buried on the battlefield. Private Philander Jackson Lee was born 15 June 1839 in Jackson County, Tennessee, died 16 November 1882 in Dekalb County and is buried at Cannady Cemetery, Smithville, Dekalb, Tennessee. Private Zebulon Pike Lee was born 29 March 1843 in Jackson County, Tennessee and died 14 October 1912 in Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee. He is buried in the Cookeville City Cemetery, Cookeville, Putnam, Tennessee. He lost his right leg at Chickamauga. After the war he served two terms as the County Court Clerk of Dekalb County. He and his wife, Virginia Francis Atwell Lee, had 11 children.

effefetth Private Reuben Kane Atnip, Company C, joined the regiment at the age of 24. He was captured at McMinnville, Tennessee and was paroled July 1, 1863.





“In June, 1861, Mr. Crowley enlisted in the Twenty-third Tennessee Infantry (Confederate Army), and at the organization of the regiment he was appointed sergeant major. He was in the battle of Shiloh, in which he was severely wounded April 6, 1862, by a canister-shot, just above the left knee. He was taken to Corinth and afterward to Jackson, Miss., in a helpless condition. [On] September 7, 1862, he reached home, greatly to the surprise of his family, who believed him to have been killed at Shiloh.” Goodspeed’s History of Tennessee [1887]. W. G. Crowley went on to become a successful lawyer, a judge, and a “pillar of the community” in Smithville, Tennessee. According to family lore, after returning home in late 1862 and for the remainder of his life, he had to get around with the help of a crutch.

Captain James Gray Armstrong, Company A, died just after the Battle of Stones River, presumably wounded there, and is buried at Zion in Maury County, Tennessee. His brother, Private Moses Gordon Armstrong, also served in Company A and survived the war.


The brothers are shown above: Moses is on the left; James is on the right


2nd Lieutenant A.P. Cantrell, Company C, of DeKalb County, Tennessee, served at Shiloh where he was wounded. Also on the Kentucky Campaign at Perryville and Mumfordville. He was captured near Chattanooga and sent to Nashville where he was paroled in November of 1863.

Private Soloman Tucker, Company G, was paroled at Appomattox Court House.







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