139th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association

Soldier's Notes


From copies of letters and diaries, it is known that the 139th Pennsylvania had company and group officer photos taken on or about April 28, 1864, just before the unit went into the Wilderness.

Standing left to right: Isaac A. Pearce, Chaplain, 139th PVI, Maj. William H. Moody--DOW at Cold Harbor; Regt. Q.M. Charles J. Long--from the date of the photo he would have one month to live; John Snodgrass, commanding Company F, 139th PVI--he was about 6'3"; Samuel Farnum Chapin, Surgeon, 139th PVI, holding cigar, a graduate of Yale, his father was a professor at the school; and Albert Metcalf Harper, Adjutant, 139th PVI.

Seated left to right: Fredrick Hill Collier, Colonel commanding 139th PVI; and Abraham H. Snyder, Major--KIA Wilderness


Photographs of some of the officers of the 139th Pennsylvania Volunteers Infantry Regiment taken prior to the Battle of Gettysburg and carried in the personal album of A.H. Snyder.

Top row, left to right:

Captain Abraham Hershel Snyder, Company A, killed at the Battle of the Wilderness May 5, 1864, then Major, but acting as Lt. Colonel in the absence of the regimental executive officer W.H. Moody, who was incapacitated at the time of the battle and unable to lead his men.

A.H. Snyder – portrait

Captain Jeremiah M. Sample, Company E, mortally wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, died of his wounds, July 16, 1863.

Bottom row, left to right:

Captain Robert Munroe, Company D, wounded September 19, 1864 at Flints Hill, Virginia, but survived the war and discharged December 31, 1864.

Dr. Samuel T. Chapim, Regimental Surgeon, mustered out June 21, 1865.

Isaac A. Pearce. Regimental Chaplin, mustered out June 21, 1865.

1st Lt. Isaac A. Pearce of Company E served as Regimental Chaplain. He was wounded at the Battle of Salem Heights on May 3, 1863.

Private Stewart C. Wilson, Company E, was captured at Salem Heights, Virginia.

Sergeant George Hays Foster (1838-1922), Company B, was wounded at the Battle of The Wilderness on May 5 1864. His brother Alex Foster was in Company D of the 138th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment and his eldest brother Private John Foster was in Company B of the 103rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment (captured Plymouth, North Carolina on April 20, 1864 and died in Andersonville Prison on August 28, 1864.

Private William Brown, Company B, was killed during the Union assault on the Muleshoe at Spotsylvania Courthouse on the morning of May 18, 1864.

Private Philip Heist, Company K, served from September 1, 1862 until the Battle of Cold Harbor in June of 1864 where he was wounded by a shotgun blast and lost his left arm.

Corporal William McGill, a Scottish immigrant, served in Company G and was killed in action at Spottsylvania Court House, Virginia. His photo is shown velow:

Corporal William McGill

Private Seth Worley, Company A, died from wounds received in the Battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1865.

Corporal Elias Rupert, Company B, lived all his life in Armstrong county and is buried at Mt. Union Lutheran church a mile south of Elderton Pennsylvania.

Captain Robert Munroe, Company D, was wounded on September 19, 1864 at Flints Hill, Virginia during the Battle of the Opequon (3rd Winchester), but survived the war and discharged on December 31, 1864. His photo as a captain is shown below. He was promoted to major by war's end.

Captain Robert Munroe

Private Jacob L. Shook served with his cousin John Shook in Company F. Both had previously served in Battery A and H of the 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery.

Private Jacob F. Bowser, Company B, died at a hospital in Falmouth, Virginia on April 15, 1863. He was reburied in Arlington National Cemetery on June 4, 1864. Jacob had a brother, Private Alexander M. Bowser, in the same company. Both were from Armstrong County.

Privates James Conley, Company H, and Henry Y. Conley, Company C, were father and son and both served in the regiment. James survived the war and died in 1868 of a disease he contracted during the war. His son Henry died at Cold Harbor.



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