12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment

Descendants Association

Soldier's Notes


Private J. Stanford Camp, Company A, was a resident of York, South Carolina. He enlisted on March 12, 1862 and was killed in action on June 27, 1862 at the Battle of Gaines' Mill during the Seven Days Campaign.

Private James G. Maloney, Company A, was captured at Spotsylvania Court House, held for nine months at Fort Delaware, and exchanged at City Point, Virginia just before Petersburg and Richmond fell.

Private David Williams Montgomery, Company E, from Lancaster County, South Carolina, was wounded on the last day of the Battle of Gettysburg, but survived the war.

Sergeant William Andrew King, Company K, enlisted in Dunavant's Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, on August 23, 1861, at Walhalla, Pickens District, South Carolina. He was sixteen years of age at the time. This company subsequently became Company K, 12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment. King attained the rank of sergeant, and was in battles including Fort Sumter, Antietam, and Gettysburg, where he was struck by a mini ball in the forehead, knocked unconscious, and left to die on the battlefield. Instead, he was taken prisoner, sent to a hospital at Fort Delaware, where he recovered, and then was interned with other prisoners of war at Fort Delaware. He was later released on 10 June 1865.

2nd Lieutentant Nathan Boone Lusk and his younger brother Private Rufus Lusk, Company G, enlisted at the same time and place. Rufus Lusk died of dysentary at age 16, not long after enlisting.

Corporal William Clark Roberts, Company E, was wounded and captured at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. He was thereafter sent to Elmyra Prison at Elmyra New York. When released back to the South, Corporal Roberts was medically discharged due to the injuries sustained at Spotslyvania. On May 10, 1902, William Clark Roberts was awarded the Southern Cross of Honor, presented to him by the John D. Kennedy Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Camden, South Carolina.

Three Estes brothers served in Company A. Private McKever Estes (F.M.D. Estes) was killed at Amissville, Virginia in 1862 at age 19. Private Jefferson Estes (J.G.J. Estes) was killed in 1862 at Gaines' Mill and John Alexander Madison Estes (J.A.M. Estes) surrendered at Five Forks on April 1, 1865.

It was reported in the Macon Daily Telegraph, dated October 1, 1862, that Private Eli B. Lockley of Company D became seperated from his regiment during the Second Battle of Manassas. He fell in with the 14th Georgia and was killed later in the battle. This information was also published in the Wilkinson County (Georgia) News. His parents and siblings were living in Texas when war broke out. However, Eli was staying with relatives in South Carolina and joined the first outfit that would take him. Eli was around 16 years old at the time of his death.

Private Tyson James Campbell, Company D, was born about 1838 in Richland County, South Carolina. According to family lore, he was wounded three times during the war.

"At the Battle of Jones' Farm (near Petersburg, Virginia), 30th September, 1864, the regiment lost its third colonel killed in battle - Colonel Edwin F. Bookter, of Richland. Mr. Caldwell, in his History of Gregg's Brigade, pays a glowing, but justly deserved, tribute to this noble officer. He had been severely wounded at Cold Harbor, 27th June, 1862, again seriously at Manassas, 29th August, 1862, and for a third time, and as it was supposed mortally, at the Wilderness, 5th May, 1864. He survived all these to die at the head of the regiment he loved so well and which loved him so well, in that brilliant, if small, affair. The regiment lost two killed, eighteen wounded and three missing. Among the wounded was Lieutenant Cadwalader Jones, of York." Excerpt from Heroes of the old Camden District, South Carolina, 1776-1861, an address to the Survivors of Fairfield County, delivered at Winnsboro, South Carolina on September 1st, 1888 by Colonel Edward McCrady, Jr.

Lieutenant Nathan R. Bookter, Company D, was killed in action on June 22, 1864 at the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road near Petersburg, Virginia and is buried at Mount Pleasant UMC Cemetery in Columbia, South Carolina.

Private Israel Merck, Company G (Bonham Rifles), enlisted on the 4th day of March, 1862, at Pickens, South Carolina. He was wounded in the left hand (losing the last two fingers) on June 12, 1864 at Riddle Shop, Virginia. He was taken prisioner on Apri 2, 1865 near Petersburg, Virginia and mustered out on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox.

Wiley D. Royal was a musician for Company I. He joined in the summer of 1861 at High Point, North Carolina. Wiley was captured at Hanover Court House in 1862 and served as a POW at Fort Columbus, New York. He was captured again in April of 1865 at Amelia Court House, three days before General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox.

Private John Taplon McCammon had two older brothers who also served in Company H. His brothers, Private Milton C. McCammon and Private James H. McCammon were killed at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House on May 12th, 1864.

Private William Patrick Hart, Company H, was married, had nine children and lived in northern Greenville County, South Carolin. He is buried at the Grassy Mountain Baptist Church Cemetery.

Sergeant Adam Martin Knecht, Company K, died fighting and is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia. He came over from Germany in 1852.

Privates Thomas G. Douglass and David Scott Douglass were brothers who served in CompanyF. David was wounded at the Battle of Gaines Miill 06/27/62 and died on 07/05/62.

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